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Updated August 17, 2007

Violin Oil and Spirit Varnishes

Supplies - Wood - Tools - Bow Parts - Varnish

Oil and Spirit Varnishes for violin, viola, cello and bass
(This page)

High quality oil and spirit varnishes by Joseph Hammerl (JOHA) and Hidersine. Varnish solvents/thinners.

Violin Varnish Supplies and Materials

Ingredients for making and applying violin spirit and oil varnishes, including cleaners and polish, brushes, gums, resins, dyes, oils, lacs and more.

Violin Varnish Recipes

This is the recipe we use on our own instruments.

Violin Varnish Glossary

List of varnish ingredients, their properties, origin and usage.


Violin Varnish, Metric conversions

Weight: 1 Gram = 0.0353 Ounces / 1 Ounce = 28.35 Grams
Volume: 1 Milliliter = 0.0338 Ounces (US) / 1 Ounce (US) = 29.57 Milliliters

Violin Varnish Making Books, DVDs

Violin Varnishes By Joseph and Reiner Hammerl, go to this page
Cremonese Varnish Secrets, Edited by Vincenzo Gheroldi, go to this page
Making a Basic Oil Varnish DVD by Ricardo B. Flores, go to this page


JOHA Violin Varnishes and Varnishing Supplies
Made in Germany


Table of JOHA Varnish Colors (approximate)


Yellow


Red


Amber


Brown


 JOHA Oil Varnish

Quality 1A: JOHA"1A" quality is a very fine oil varnish, with Lavender oil and Balsams to improve its quality.

It is recommended to purchase a bottle of oil varnish thinner for thinning the varnish (if desired), and brush cleaner or Balsam turpentine for cleaning brushes. Standard pine turpentine is not compatible with this varnish, and will not clean the brushes.

This varnish applies very well and virtually anyone can do a good job when using it. It can be slightly diluted with varnish thinner (or Balsam turpentine), despite the fact that it then takes a little longer to dry. (Test this, too, with your thumb to see if it is dry). In the long run this varnish becomes somewhat harder than spirit varnish. You can smooth this varnish, too, with pumice - stone or rottenstone and work it to a gentle shine with Polish and gloss oil. 100 ml will varnish approximately 1-2 violins. NOTE THAT THE JOHA AMBER VARNISH DOES NOT CONTAIN AMBER RESIN (AMBER REFERS TO THE COLOR).

Model

Oil Varnish Quality 1A

100 ml.

2-12X

1A Clear Oil Primer (Ground)

Price

2-12C

1A Colorless Oil Varnish

Price

2-12Y

1A Yellow Oil Varnish

Price

2-12A

1A Amber (color) Oil Varnish

Price

2-12R

1A Red Oil Varnish

Price

2-12B

1A Brown Oil Varnish

Price

2-12RB

1A Red-Brown Oil Varnish

Price

2-12DB

1A Dark Brown Oil Varnish

Price

2-12BK

1A Black Oil Varnish

Price

2-12F

1A Finish Oil Varnish, clear (for final coat)

Price

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 JOHA Spirit Varnish

 
Quality 1A: JOHA"1A" quality is a very fine quality spirit varnish made from natural resins.

Spirit varnish has always been the most commonly used for stringed instruments. It dries quickly, thus allowing a daily coating. The coating must be applied quickly, however, in order to prevent the varnish from clouding, especially on color varnish. Every coat must be thoroughly dried before the next coat is applied in order to prevent and cracks from materializing later. (Press hard on the varnish with your thumb for a few seconds. If it fails to make a print in the varnish then you can apply the next coat ). Spirit varnish can be smoothed well with pumice-stone or rottenstone and polished with an appropriate polish. 100 ml will varnish approximately 1-2 violins. NOTE THAT THE JOHA AMBER VARNISH DOES NOT CONTAIN AMBER RESIN (AMBER REFERS TO THE COLOR).

Model

Spirit Varnish Quality 1A

100 ml.

2-22X

1A Clear Spirit Primer (Ground)

Price

2-22C

1A Colorless Spirit Varnish

Price

2-22Y

1A Yellow Spirit Varnish

Price

2-22A

1A Amber (color) Spirit Varnish

Price

2-22R

1A Red Spirit Varnish

Price

2-22B

1A Brown Spirit Varnish

Price

2-22RB

1A Red-Brown Spirit Varnish

Price

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 Violin Varnish Thinners, Brush Cleaners, Sicccative

 
2-2BRCL JOHA Brush cleaner, 100 ml bottle
2-10S JOHA Siccative (dryer) for oil varnishes, 100 ml bottle
2-10T JOHA Oil varnish thinner, per 100 ml. Recommended thinner for JOHA oil varnishes, it is specially formulated to yield best results.

Price

2-TURP Balsam Turpentine, Portuguese, 100 ml. For thinning oil varnish and brush cleaning (oil varnish only)

Price

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Product Number

Hidersine Oil and Spirit Varnishes

 
2-41H Hidersine oil varnish, clear, 50 ml bottle

Price

2-50H Hidersine spirit varnish, clear, 50 ml bottle

Price

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1704 Type Spirit Varnishes

 
2-1704I

Dry
Ingredients
'1704N' Dry Ingredients for 1704 varnish variation, double recipe (yields about 500 ml of varnish). Includes: 90g seedlac, 10g gum mastic, 10g gum sandarac, 14 ml. lavender spike oil. Approx. 400 ml of alcohol needed for this double recipe, sold separately. Instructions included with package.
Instructions for preparation: HTML Word

Price

2-1704 We have limited supplies of the above varnish ready-made. 100 ml bottle.
Price

Also visit our varnish supplies page.

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